tv BBC World News America PBS July 2, 2012 6:00pm-6:30pm EDT
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>> and now, "bbc world news." >> this is "bbc world news america." his face is fresh, but his party is old. the mexican election produces a return to the party that ruled for 71 years. now, can he fixed the drug war? an afghan policeman trains his drug -- trains his gun on the people sent to kill him. raising a lot of questions about the mission. and taking a trip on the a train, join us on a colorful and noisy ride on new york's most colorful subway line.
>> welcome to our viewers around the growth -- around the globe. if confirmed, the party that has ruled the country with a tight grip for most of the last century is back in power, but the slim margin of victory for enrique pena nieto is not the one that he had hoped for. his main rival has yet to concede. >> after a long and bitter campaign, the front runner in the mexican presidential race now says he has crossed the finish line. almost as soon as the partial results were released, enrique pena nieto spoke of reconciliation and told his supporters that he would govern all of mexico. >> i assume with emotion and
great commitment the full responsibility and maned it -- mandate that mexicans have given me today. in the past three months of the politicians and candidates have spoken every day. today the citizens spoke with clarity and did so with a -- advocating for a change in direction. thank you to all mexicans. [applause] >> when his rival addressed his activists, he said every vote had to be counted before he wouldn't -- before he would admit defeat. >> the position that i take is one of waiting until we have all the results. >> many mexicans want to avoid a repeat of six years ago, when massive protests over the results caused gridlock in mexico city. but the former mayor is unlikely to give up easily. in the meantime, his supporters
are celebrating. they are sure that their candidate has won. if so, it would mark an extraordinary return to the presidency for the party that ruled mexico with an iron fist for more than 70 years. will grant, bbc news, mexico city. >> for more on the significance of this result, i am joined by steven johnson. thank you very much for coming in. assuming that he is confirmed as the next president, he promised a change of direction. how much change can we expect? >> not much, initially. he has to take assessment of what he is walking into with this. remember, all of the candidates experienced a degree of change over the campaign. they came into the campaign without concrete ideas, yet they kept hearing things from the mexican public about where they
wanted the country to go, especially this student movement, which is beginning to see different things come out. >> let's talk, initially, about the drug war. it has dominated headlines in the united states. it has been very controversial. can we expect him to say that he will pull troops back from the streets and take a new approach? >> i do not think so. i think he will take a look at what he has got, the army and the navy, helping the police. he has got to get them up to speed on the local and state levels. they are very much part of the problem right now, so he is going to have to use the troops that he has at his command. the other thing that is kind of an unknown factor is that he has asked his principal adveroo to be on the drug campaign a general from columbia, who is
very successful in beating back guerrilla forces. at the same time, they have very different policing. mexico has a more urban problem than colombia had in the countryside. it remains to be seen. >> mexico is the second biggest destination for american exports, yet there has not been much coverage. does it matter to americans? >> i think that it does. first of all, the security issue is more important to us, possibly, than many mexicans. but the other thing that is important that you alluded to is that you have got the economy, the mexican economy, which is important to the pocketbook of every day mexicans. and it has not really grown as much as it should have during the last 12 years.
new look to see the policies he has put in place to make it more competitive and easier for mexicans to get jobs. the labor market is very much constricted there. >> thank you for coming in. >> thank you. >> should bank executives it be held accountable for the actions of rogue employees? that is the question that the british government is facing after an interest-rate scandal involving barclays. the inquiry will begin in days. today the chairman resigned, saying that he was truly sorry. robert has all the details. >> after a cloud of scandal descended on the city, the government tried to lift it by forcing higher standards on banks. these were placed on reforms, to be proposed by a new parliamentary committee. >> this is the right approach, able to start immediately,
getting to the truth quickly, making sure that this never happens again. >> the committee will consist of people who take evidence under oath and report by january. they will investigate the broken culture and declining standards of banks and the side of their needs to be new or greater punishment for conduct. they want greater inquiry along the line of media standards. >> we will continue to argue for a full and open inquiry on the independence of bankers and politicians. that is the only way that we can rebuild trust in the city of london. >> the royal bank of scotland began -- agrees. verye public's anger is obvious. i think that some more formal processes to address that anchor and the failings of the
banking industry has been facing. >> they said that standards have declined and they are not talking about the tens of thousands working in branches like this one. they are talking about senior executives and highly placed investment bankers. but it is a front-line start, knowing that most banks have been losing their jobs and the front line is encountering public anger on a daily basis. >> in recent days, the anger has been directed most at barclays and its chief executive following their admission that they had raised interest rates. but they do not want to lose, so the chairman is taking responsibility by resigning. he said that last week's events have dealt a devastating blow to the reputation of barclays, and he added that the buck stops
with him. what does a former director make of all of this? >> it is very sad, but he has done the honorable thing. i cannot help that he is taking the flak. i think it is almost inevitable. >> his survival will depend on what he says about the interest rate scandal when interrogated on wednesday. at stake will be his racket -- his reputation and, arguably, confidence in the honesty and integrity of the city of london. >> four years after the crash, the tricky relationship between the banks and the public is still unresolved. southern afghanistan today, a suicide bomber blew up a car near the gates of a university, killing 17 people. this comes one day after an afghan policeman killed soldiers. so far this year, 26 nato troops
have been killed by their afghan colleagues. caroline is in afghanistan and filed this report. >> this was the scene just a few hours after the killings. the checkpoint with three british soldiers, who were shot dead on sunday. for reasons still not clear, and afghan policeman turned his gun on two welsh guards. one afghan source said that there had been an accident just before the shooting. for those serving here, there were a shock, sadness, and a determination to complete the task. >> we care deeply about our soldiers and art concerned about completing this mission. we take all measures to protect all soldiers. >> they were at a local meeting, similar to the one that we fault -- we filmed earlier that
afternoon. it was clear just how closely the british forces have worked with the afghans to trust them, even though they were all armed. this is a -- this is the latest in the so-called long line of green on blue attacks. in all, 26 nato military personnel have been killed by soldiers or police this year alone. >> these latest deaths, despite the measures taken to protect british forces in these kinds of attacks. those working here say that they still have to work side-by-side with afghan colleagues to advise them as nato begins a gradual withdrawal. >> commanders say that these attacks can be a deliberate strategy to undermine confidence in afghan security forces, noting that trust was central to the nato policy.
>> they can not derail our strategy. the strategy is to gradually hand over full responsibility for security to the afghans. that process will continue and be completed by the end of 2014. >> today, three more names will be added to the memorial. the soldiers trust in the afghans that they're helping will have been shaken again. above all, there is sadness that these three deaths, but biddle time to mourn. >> a quick look at other news from around the world, a radical islamist have said they have nearly completed the destruction of shrines to muslim saints, despite international protests. they have destroyed the door of one of the most sacred shrines.
they are a unesco world heritage site. a criminal court has stated that it could constitute a war crime. all of the world's biggest drug companies has agreed to pay $3 billion to assess the largest health care fraud case in u.s. history. glaxo smithkline has pled guilty to failing to report data to the food and drug administration. in addition, they have been found guilty of paying kickbacks to doctors. after being held for almost one month today, former officials from the international criminal court are being released in libya. they had been accused of spying on the son of the deposed former libyan leader. this comes as the bbc find firsthand evidence of torture and illegal detention. it is from there that we have received this report.
>> some things in the new libya have a depressingly familiar feel. tribal elders have gathered to mourn the death of a man who has been tortured, not by his henchman, but by a rival tribe. >> looked, it says he was beaten. his hands and feet were tied before he died. in this -- >> in this conservative society, some people want revenge. tribal allegiances can be more powerful than loyalties to the state, and more than 100 people have been killed in recent fighting. negotiators say that it will not undermine stability. >> there will be one government, one nation. one people.
>> libya is due to hold its first nationwide elections at the end of the week. outside of the main cities, it is pretty clear who rules the streets. this is the wild west. >> across libya there is a lack of central government control. real authority appears to still live with armed militias and men with guns. you could argue that with the removal of the colonel, new divisions have emerged and resumed. >> in the eastern city, the interim government is backing up on several fronts. there have been attacks by extremists and a vocal campaign for political autonomy. the election authority office was ransacked over the weekend by protesters demanding greater representation. the what the vote postponed. others say that libya is ready.
>> the country has not had elections for 47 years. they will not be ready in a matter of months by some absolute standard, but there is a strong desire on the part of the people to have this election. >> in the big cities, there is indeed a palpable sense of freedom and openness. libya has changed immeasurably since the downfall of colonel gaddafi. no one here talks seriously of a return to the past. >> a reminder that the arab spring has -- produced change, but the transition to democracy is still complicated. still to come tonight, 30 years after taking part in a massive wedding that stoked controversy, we catch up with those who were married by the unification church.
the prime minister of india has promised millions of dollars in aid because of the unprecedented flooding in northeastern state. more than 70 people have died in their homes in neighboring bangladesh. the report comes now from new delhi. >> in search of a patch of dry land, millions here are in a similar position. this region gets flooded almost every year, but these have been the worst floods in more than a decade. all across india, 2 million people have been affected. most of them have lost homes. infrastructure has been destroyed. dozens have died in mudslides. these people need all the help they can get. not just in india. across the border, bangladesh, things are even worse. more than 100 people are dead and thousands have been left
without homes. many have nothing to eat. >> suddenly the floodwaters filled our houses. we lost our grain. we have no food now. how will we survive? >> across the region, hundreds of thousands are asking the same question. the water levels are now beginning to subside. it will take months, even years to rebuild levees swallowed by the river. >> meanwhile, in the eastern united states those without power after a summer storm that killed 22, power companies warned it would take several days to restore a electricity. comparing to the problem is a record-breaking heat wave. emergencies have been declared in four states. it is extremely hot here in washington d.c., i can tell you.
30 years ago, the head of the unification church carried out a controversial mass wedding of more than two dozen couples in new york. the reverend, who believed in creating world peace to marriage matched the couple's himself. most had never been -- most had never met before. the church claimed that 70% of those have survived. >> the williams family is celebrating the 30th wedding anniversary of john and kathy. >> i love you. >> there's is no ordinary union. they were matched by the reverend moon, seen as the messiah by his followers in the unification church.
john and kathy's families were initially worried. >> there was so much negative negativity in the media about our church. unless you hear the police on the religious side, it is easy to judge it by the external. >> john and kathy were amongst more than two dozen couples married in a mass ceremony in new york 30 years ago. members of the unification church believe that love had been created. >> in a way, the mission was cut short. he never had a chance. >> the head of the unification church in america, as the movement tried to stay relevant,
she has introduced a more musical style of worship. >> couples that took part in the ceremony in new york celebrated the 30th anniversary as one former church member criticized the concept of the range marriage. >> if you are matched up with someone who treats you cruelly, you are supposed to endure that? i am against the whole idea. >> church officials claim they're more likely to find love. >> finding comparability and convenience, these are important things, but romantic love is the most least successful basis for marriage in history. >> it has been 30 years since he oversaw the massive wedding. the unification church now allows parents to a range
children's weddings. they are trying to keep a younger generation within the church. >> now, for a ride on one of the world's most storied subway lines, the a train. it served as the inspiration for a jazz tune made famous by the duke ellington orchestra. a ride that new yorker columnists explode -- explored last year with kenneth jackson. >> it takes you two hours to cover the whole thing. it is sort of like the amazon of new york city, the river that we ride on. it can be found on the bank, from the richest the to the
poorest. you must take a train to go to sugar hill up in harlem ♪ >> it goes between harlem and bedford-stuyvesant, east new york, which is central board when, many miles to the south. >> people may doubt or mocked the idea that it is meant to be descriptive music, specifically music about the sound and feeling of the train, but for me something about new york is always implicit in that music.
>> 25 or 30 years ago, the trains were covered. they do convey an image that something is out of control, which makes it scary year. >> [unintelligible] >> then it continues on down to the financial district of new york and city hall, crossing under the east river to brooklyn. >> broadway junction is the huge switching station. it is the border of bedford- stuyvesant and east new york. it now connects the african- american neighborhood here right to the more ancient african- american neighborhood of harlem.
>> this community would be even more cut off from the rest of new york, were it not for a train, which connected to the rest of the city. >> [unintelligible] >> ♪ all the board >> without the subway, new york city does not exist. if it does not run or succeed, neither does new york. ♪ >> adam and kenneth, exploring a train. if you have not been to new york city, it is a well worth a journey, taking you the length and breadth of new york city. well, that brings the show to a close. even update these stories any
time on our website. more of us here on "bbc world news america," thank you for watching. >> makes sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, we work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was brought to you by kcet, los angeles. to you by kcet, los angeles.